There are three options when it comes to applying for permanent residence in Canada as a caregiver: Caring for Child class, Caring for People with High Medical Needs class, and Live-in Caregiver Program.
1.Caring for Children class
If you have at least 2 years experience working as a full-time childcare provider in Canada in the last 4 years, you may apply for permanent residence under the Caring for Child class. Full-time work is defined as a minimum of thirty hours of paid work per week. If there were breaks in your work like sick leaves, maternity leaves, or you were unemployed, it would not impact your eligibility. However, your work experience while you were a full-time student would not be counted.
It is important to mention here that foster parents are not eligible under the Caring for Children class. You must prove that you have carried out your duties as written in your job description. Moreover, you must have taken care of children aged below 18 years; however, it is not necessary for you to have lived in the employer’s home during the employment.
2.Caring for People with High Medical Needs class
You can apply under the Caring for People with High Medical Needs program if you have a minimum of two years work experience in Canada as a registered or licensed nurse, nurse aid or orderly, or home support worker in the last 4 years. You must prove that you have performed your duties as described in your job description. Your application would not be entertained if your work experience does not meet 3 areas covered under this class.
3.Live-in Caregiver Program
You may qualify for permanent residence under the Live-in Caregiver Program if you have at least 2 years of full-time, live-in caregiving experience or 3,900 hours of full-time employment as a live-in caregiver in Canada in the last 48 months.
The Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP) is part of Canada’s Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP). When first designed, it intended to enable all Canadians to be able to recruit foreign nationals that would provide childcare/ home support for seniors or people with different disabilities.
The uniqueness of this TFW program was on the fact it offered a direct pathway to permanent residence! Everyone that had at least two years of work experience on a LCP work permit was able to apply to transition to permanent residence.
Among many requests LCP had had to do with caregivers who reside with the family they worked for. This work, was often leaving them vulnerable to different abuses such as poor working conditions, unpaid overtime, or even worse.
Since these people’s status was directly depending on their employer, many experts and critics argued that this program needed to change to fully protect the safety of live-in caregivers.
IRCC created two new prioritized pathways:
- Applications to the Caring for Children pathway
- Caring for People with High Medical Needs
These new pathways would be normally processed within the first six months. Also, the work experience of live-out caregivers couldn’t count when it comes to the regular Live-in Caregiver Program. It counts towards the work requirement for either of these two new pathways.
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