If you fear persecution and are reluctant or unable to return to return to your home country, you may get refugee status in Canada from inside Canada. However, some people may not be eligible to apply for a refugee status from within Canada. For example, if an order has been issued for your deportation from Canada, you cannot apply for a refugee status.
Your application to get a refugee status will first be assessed by officers who will decide whether the claim is justifiable. If they are convinced, and if you meet the eligibility criteria, your application will be sent to the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB), which is an autonomous body that makes decisions pertaining to refuge and immigration.
The IRB will assess your application and then decide whether you fall under the category of a Convention refugee or a person in need of protection. A convention refugee is a person who is outside his/her home country or a country where he/she spends most of his/her life and is unable to go back because of a fear of persecution on the basis of religion, nationality, sexual orientation, race, political view, or for being a member of a certain group.
On the other hand, a person in need of protection is someone who is in Canada and is unable to go back to his/her home country because of the fear of torture, life risk, or the risk of brutal and maltreatment.
In order for your refugee claim to be sent to the IRB, you must not have been documented as a Convention refugee by any other country that you can go back to, and you must not have already been given the protected person status in Canada. Also, the application of people who have entered Canada through the US-Canada border and those who are deemed a security threat to Canada will not be sent to the IRB.
Only in one single fiscal year (2016), Canada has admitted the largest number of refugees in nearly four decades.
The admitted immigrants in 2016 are around 46,700. This number marks a big event and hits a new record in Canada since 1978! This was the year when the Immigration Act came first into effect. This record number includes both privately-and government-sponsored refugees.
According to the UNHCR, these are the top five countries of origin of the refugees in 2016:
- Syria: 33,266
- Eritrea: 3,934
- Iraq: 1,650
- Congo: 1,644
- Afghanistan: 1,354
Canada is second in the list of countries with the largest number of admitted refugees in the previous year. USA was the first admitting 84,995 refugees in 2016.
According to UNHCR, currently speaking, there are around 21 million forcibly displaced people worldwide, and also 1,190,000 refugees in need of resettlement this year. Ahmed Hussen, Canada’s Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Ahmed Hussen, said that Ottawa is “proud” to dedicate its work to the global refugee agency.
He added: “Canada hopes to increase global refugee resettlement and support civil society and other jurisdictions to expand resettlement along with developing other solutions for the world’s most vulnerable.”
He strongly believes that the majority of refugees are able to find decent jobs and develop a strong connection to Canada over the years. Especially the children which are the category that integrates more quickly.
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